Picture frames are made through a process that involves several steps, including cutting and shaping the frame material, joining the pieces together, and adding backing, matting, and other components. Here is a more detailed look at how a picture frame is typically made:
- Selecting the material: The first step in making a picture frame is selecting the material that will be used. Common materials include wood, metal, plastic, and composite materials such as MDF (medium-density fiberboard). The material chosen will depend on the style, durability, and budget of the frame.
- Cutting and shaping the material: Once the material has been chosen, it must be cut and shaped to the desired size and shape of the frame. This may be done using a variety of tools and techniques, such as saws, routers, and sanders. The frame pieces may also be molded or bent to create a specific shape or profile.
- Joining the pieces together: The next step is to join the pieces of the frame together to create a single, cohesive unit. This may be done using a variety of methods, such as gluing, screwing, or stapling. Some frames may also be held together with wedges or pins, or may be made from a single piece of material that is folded or bent into shape.
- Adding backing, matting, and other components: Once the frame is assembled, it may be finished with backing, matting, and other components to create a complete package for displaying a photo or artwork. Backing materials may include cardboard, foamboard, or other materials that provide support
To make a well put together picture frame you need the right equipment.
The Morso is the workhorse in the production well crafted and put together picture frames. The under-pinner, which is used to join the moulding lengths together needs to be sturdy and powerful enough to shoot fastening pins into the hardest of wood mouldings. Oakwood frames are perhaps the most difficult woods to join.
The experienced picture framer will be able to judge how many pins to use in each corner and whether to stack them or not.
Remember, frames often need to be taken apart if pins don’t enter the wood correctly. This is a common occurrence when using hardwood mouldings as the pin has a tendency to follow the grain of the wood and can often end up protruding from the sides of the moulding or pushing the two lengths apart.
The secret is not to make joints that cannot be taken apart. Extracting pins from hardwoods often results in a broken length of moulding. Broken lengths to the framer are like throwing money away.